Physics

This note is in response to Nityananda's wild incursions into the sacred realms of science.  It describes an alternate theory of the physical universe.  The fact that it cannot be proved should not affect its acceptance, since  there is plenty of supporting evidence for the faithful.  This theory is quite simple to understand and supports key predictions made by the accepted theories.  All you need is a knowledge of Newton’s laws and high school math.

To start with, there is matter and spaceEnergy and time will build on these two and is discuss later.

Matter is stuff that we can touch and feel.  It has mass.  In general, matter is incompressible, though it may seem to be springy when it is loosely packed.  Matter makes up molecules, atoms and all the pesky sub atomic particles.

Space is the stuff that we cannot touch or see.  It is not to be confused with vacuum, which is nothing. Space is everywhere where matter isn’t.  Think of space as a fluid that permeates the universe.  It has volume but no mass, and it is compressible.  It offers no resistance to anything passing through it.  In the universe, there seems to be a lot more space than matter.

Matter exists in points of space and usually does not move about.  The distance between points can be measured and we can imagine a 3D coordinate system based on some frame of reference.

Matter and space interact.  Matter “consumes” space.  Think of matter as a drain hole in the 3D universe that constantly sucks in space.  The more mass there is in a clump of matter, the faster it attracts and consumes space. 

Let us visualize this process first using an analogy, and we will explain it more accurately later.  As space gets sucked in, imagine that it flows towards the matter like a fluid.  Matter in that fluid goes with the flow, much like a cork moving with a stream.  This causes clumps of matter that are close together to be “attracted”.  We call this Gravity.  Note that if there are two clumps of matter, both consume the space between them in proportion to their own mass and cause the attraction.  This is consistent with the observed Law of Gravitation.

                F = G . m1 . m2 / r2

This formula calculates the Force of attraction between two bodies.  It is also the force that two bodies exert on each other when they are in contact and cannot come any closer.  We call this Weight.

Note that the analogy of fluids is used only to visualize the theory.  Let us continue to use it to explain the r2 term in the denominator.  The distance between the center of masses of the two clumps of matter is denoted by r.  Imagine a virtual sphere with radius r centered around one of the bodies.  The surface area of this sphere is 4 π r2.  All the space that is getting sucked into the body has to go through this area.  Now imagine another sphere inside it with the same center, but with a radius of r/2.  The surface area of this sphere is π r2, one fourth of the outer sphere.  Given that volumetric rate of space passing through the two surfaces is the same, it follows that the velocity of space at the inner surface is 4 times the velocity at the outer surface.  Any matter floating in the space flow will have the same velocities.  This again is consistent with the observed velocity profile of objects falling towards the Earth and with the inverse square formula above.  The flow of space accelerates as it gets closer to the center of the mass.  To summarize, all bodies of matter in the universe consume space and exhibit a gravitational “force” on other nearby bodies.   However, according to this theory, gravity is not a real force, but just the side effect of space getting consumed.

Light, an electromagnetic wave, is one form of energy.  Light propagates through space in pretty much a straight line.  However, gravitational lenses have been seen where light bends.  This observation has a simple explanation.  Large masses cause space to flow towards them and this causes light passing through to be bent in the direction of the flow.  Imagine a boat trying to cross a flowing river.  Even if it maintains a steady heading across the river, an external observer in a helicopter would see the boat move in an angled path.  If the river flow was faster in the middle, the path of the boat would be curved.  To get to a point directly across the river, the boat would have to follow a curved path.  The same thing happens in space.  Thus, Gravitational Lensing is easy enough to be understood by a village boatman.

Black holes occur when the speed of the space consumed by the body, exceeds the velocity of light.  This is like a boat trying to go up stream in a river whose flow exceeds the maximum speed of the boat.  Imagine a sphere around the body.  At some radius of that sphere, the velocity of space falling in will equal the velocity of light trying to come out.  That sphere is called the Event Horizon and light will never come out of it.

Conversely, when light moves with the flow of space, it follows that the effective speed of light increases, like the ground speed of an aircraft moving with a tail wind.  However, there is an overriding rule that the speed of light perceived by anyone is always constant.  To compensate for this, the perceived passage of time slows down correspondingly for a local observer.  This observer is in the system where space is flowing fast.  Taking this to one extreme, time stands still inside the event horizon of a black hole.  Hence, the passage of time is a function of the star system in which it is measured.  Our concept of time is influenced by the mass of our solar system.  In a related situation, when an observer travels through space, the relative velocity of light approaching head on will be higher than the standard speed of light.  To compensate for this, time must slow down for the traveler also.

Like time, distances can also be affected by a large mass.  To an observer who is far away from the rapid flow of space into a heavy mass, light moving towards the mass will appear to speed up.  In this case, time does not slow down for the observer, but the distances near the mass will shrink.  It is reasonable to say that space and its dimensions get compressed around the mass.  In other words, when light is being pushed to go faster, the definition of distance must be changed so that a distant observer will perceive it at the standard speed.  This also is consistent with the popular view that gravity warps space-time.

But where does all that space go after it is consumed by matter?  The consumed space is “reborn” somewhere else and is uniformly regenerated throughout the universe.  When space appears between two bodies, the distance between them increases.  This matches the observation that the universe is expanding.  Also, the further apart two bodies are, the more space there is between them, and more space is generated.  Hence bodies far away appear to be accelerating away faster.  Note that the observed velocities will not exactly match a simple formula because there may be random galaxies in between that are consuming the generated space.  This fits in with Hubbell’s observations which won him a Nobel prize.  This phenomenon brings together nearby bodies and drives apart distant bodies.

Another scenario where the velocity of space exceeds that of light occurs very far away, at the edge of the “visible” universe.  The further away we get, the faster space is moving away.  At some point, the velocity of space will exceed that of light.  We cannot see beyond that range because light from there will never get to us.  A sphere with that radius is another Event Horizon.

When scientists observed that the universe was expanding, they calculated the rate of expansion.  Then they found the most distant stars visible and extrapolated backwards to determine when the size of the universe would have been exactly zero.  This was deemed to be the age of the universe according to the Big Bang Theory.  Nobody has a theory for what happened before that point of time, which seems quite lame.  Our theory has a different explanation.  There could be billions and billions of galaxies beyond the Event Horizon that we cannot see.  Thus, we do not have enough information to compute the age of the universe, other than to say that the minimum age is as computed according to the Big Bang Theory.  The universe has no beginning and no end.  Also, it always seems that we are at the center of the universe because most other galaxies are moving away.

Matter is just condensed energy.  Anti matter is like matter, just a different kind.  It too has mass that converts to energy.  When energy condenses, it forms equal amounts of matter and anti matter.  The conversion of matter to energy and vice versa is described by the famous equation:

                E = m . c2

The conversion factor is rather large, a lot of energy is required to create matter.  This explains why there is a relatively small amount of matter in the universe.  But there is a lot of energy permeating through space.

Hence, the universe fundamentally consists of Space and Energy, which are mutually interdependent.  They correspond to the yoni /lingam or the yin/yang.  Energy needs space to travel.  Space enters condensed energy and is reincarnated somewhere else.  The universe goes on.  There is no need for extra dimensions and fancy math to explain it.

If you got this far, I hope you were amused, this is really the basis for my video to compete with Nityananda.  I shall call myself Nutya-anda and plan on sitting on a highly decorated commode throne, bare chested, with mystical white spots painted on my chest, while I lay forth my discourse on this subject.